- July 13, 2023
- Posted by: Igbaji Chinwendu
- Category: Project Writing Guide
Dissertation Structure For Primary Research Study – 7 Outline Of Dissertation And Thesis Structure
- 1 Dissertation Structure For Primary Research Study – 7 Outline Of Dissertation And Thesis Structure
- 1.1 What is a Dissertation?
- 1.2 What is a Primary Research Study?
- 1.3 Why is a Primary Research Study important?
- 1.4 What is the structure of a dissertation for a primary research study?
What is a Dissertation?
A dissertation is a lengthy, in-depth research project usually required to complete a graduate degree. It is a written document that presents original research and scholarship findings on a specific topic and demonstrates the author’s command of the subject matter and research methods.
The length and format of dissertations vary depending on the academic discipline and institution, but they all follow a similar structure.
What is a Primary Research Study?
In a primary research study, new and unique data are directly gathered from the source or participants using various techniques such as surveys, interviews, experiments, observations, or focus groups. Primary research is frequently used to test an idea or provide an answer to a specific research topic, and the findings are reached after careful analysis of the data gathered.
Examples of primary research projects include interviewing customers to determine their level of happiness, speaking with customers to learn about their experiences with a certain good or service, and running tests on novel medical therapies. A primary research study’s findings might be utilized to create new ideas, improve already-existing theories, or support or refute recent research findings.
Why is a Primary Research Study important?
A primary research study can be regarded as an important result for the following reasons:
It generates original data:
Primary research studies involve direct data collection directly from the source. The fact that no other researchers have previously gathered or examined this data makes it distinct and original.
As a result, one of its main benefits is the capacity to create new theories and test hypotheses by collecting unique data through primary research. The information gathered can be utilized to suggest brand-new ideas, challenge accepted ones, or both.
It fills the gaps in the existing literature:
Although there is a wealth of information on practically any subject, there are frequently areas where additional study is necessary to comprehend a particular phenomenon or issue properly. Thus, a core importance of primary research study is its ability to close these knowledge gaps.
This is done by gathering fresh information and offering previously undiscovered new insights and concepts. Primary research can aid in closing these gaps.
It provides and ensures accuracy in research:
Primary research studies are valuable because they provide a more accurate picture of the phenomenon under investigation. One of the primary benefits of primary research is that it allows researchers to collect data directly from participants rather than relying on secondary sources.
This means that researchers can tailor their data collection methods to the specific research question and collect data from various sources.
It enables replication and validation:
Primary research studies are designed to be replicable, so other researchers can conduct similar studies to validate the findings. This is significant because replication and validation are critical steps in the scientific process.
Researchers can test the reliability and validity of the original findings and confirm whether the results are generalizable across different populations and contexts by replicating a study. Replication and validation are especially important in medicine and psychology, where effective treatments and interventions rely on strong scientific evidence.
What is the structure of a dissertation for a primary research study?
A dissertation for a primary research study typically follows a similar format, though specific details may differ depending on the academic discipline and institution. Here is a general outline of a dissertation structure for a primary research study:
The introduction section of a dissertation for a primary research study is critical because it establishes the context for the research. It is frequently the first section a reader encounters, and its purpose is to engage the reader, provide context, and pique the reader’s interest in the study.
In this section, the writer or researcher should begin by introducing the research problem or question the study aims to address. This should be done clearly and concisely, emphasizing the significance of the problem or question in the field of study.
In addition, the introduction should provide a brief background on the topic, outlining the key concepts, theories, and previous research that are relevant to the study.
Following the context, the researcher should clearly state the study’s purpose and objectives. This should include a clear statement of the study’s goals and the research questions or hypotheses guiding the investigation. The study’s purpose and objectives should be linked to the research problem or question, and a clear rationale for why the study is important should be provided.
The introduction section should also provide an overview of the study’s research design and methodology. This should include a description of the research methodology (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods), data collection methods (such as surveys, interviews, or observation), and data analysis techniques.
The literature review is an important section of a dissertation for a primary research study because it provides a comprehensive overview of the topic’s existing literature. This section identifies, evaluates, and summarises relevant research studies, theoretical frameworks and models, and other information relevant to the research question or problem.
The researcher should demonstrate a thorough understanding of the current state of knowledge in the literature review section, including key concepts, theories, and debates in the field. The literature review should also identify theoretical and empirical gaps in the literature that the study intends to fill. These gaps should be articulated clearly, and the researcher should explain why they are important to address.
The methodology section outlines the research design, sampling strategy, data collection methods and data analysis techniques. The goal is to provide enough information for the reader to assess the research’s validity and reliability and for other researchers to replicate the study if necessary.
The overall plan for the study is the research design, which includes the type of research (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods), the research approach (e.g., experimental, survey, case study), and the data collection and analysis methods.
In this section, the researcher must explain the research design in detail, including why it was chosen and how it aligns with the research question or problem.
The research findings are presented in the results section of a dissertation for a primary research study. This section is typically written in a logical sequence that corresponds to the research questions or hypotheses. The results section should be well-structured and concise, with data presented clearly and accurately.
The findings should be presented understandably in this section, and using tables, graphs, and other visual aids to illustrate the data can be beneficial. The results section should summarise the data analysis and any statistical tests used.
Examples are measures of central tendency (e.g., mean, median, mode), variability (e.g., standard deviation, range), and correlation or regression analyses.
The discussion section of a dissertation for a primary research study is where the findings are interpreted and contextualized within the context of the larger literature on the subject. This section analyses the results in-depth and draws conclusions about the research question or hypotheses.
The discussion section should begin by summarizing the study’s key findings and connecting them to the research question or hypotheses presented in the introduction. The findings should then be compared to the existing literature to identify similarities or differences.
The conclusion section of a dissertation for a primary research study is a summary of the study’s main findings that reinforces the key takeaways. The researcher should summarize the key points discussed in the dissertation in the conclusion section, including the research question, objectives, methodology, and main findings.
The conclusion should also highlight the research’s contributions to the field of study and its practical implications. The researcher should also acknowledge the study’s limitations and suggest areas for future research.
Small sample size, potential bias in data collection, or the study’s scope limited to a specific geographical region or population are limitations. It is critical to address these limitations because they demonstrate.
The references section in a dissertation provides a list of all the sources cited during the dissertation. It is an essential component of the dissertation because it allows the reader to verify the validity and accuracy of the research.
The references section should adhere to a particular citation style, such as APA, MLA, Harvard, or Chicago. The citation style used throughout the dissertation and reference list should be consistent. All sources cited in the dissertation should be listed alphabetically in the reference list.
Any supplementary materials pertinent to the subject but not covered in the main text might be added in the appendices part of a dissertation. This section can provide readers with additional details or data that support the study’s findings.