UNDERSTANDING THE THREE MAIN SECTIONS OF A RESEARCH
- 1 UNDERSTANDING THE THREE MAIN SECTIONS OF A RESEARCH
Research entails systematically investigating a topic or issue using established methods or procedures. It is regarded as an important component in academic and professional work. Research papers, on the other hand, are a common method of disseminating the findings of a study to the academic or scientific community, and they typically follow a specific structure and format.
It is vital to note that the clarity of a research structure, as well as the effectiveness of its presentation, are critical to the success of any research. As a result, it is of grave importance that a writer, reader, researcher or potential reader like you understands and easily disseminates the three main research sections before diving into them.
Thus, this article will be centred on understanding the three major research sections, their purpose, and the forms of content available in these sections. At the end of this article, you will have a firm grasp of what each section entails and how to present your findings or research most effectively in these sections.
What are the three main sections of research?
The three main research sections are the introduction, the literature review and the conclusion. For better understanding, these sections will be singled out and explained individually.
The Introduction to a Research.
As its name implies, the introduction is the first section of any research, research paper or study. It is the structure on which the entire research is built, held and understood by the readers and the researcher. It serves as an important aspect of the research because of the following factors:
- It informs the readers about the significance of the study.
- It uncovers a brief overview of the research questions and objectives.
- It establishes the tone of the entire research. Thus, it is a critical element used to grab and maintain the reader’s attention.
Judging from its importance, the major goal of an introduction is to inform the reader, although briefly, about the research topic and its significance. An introduction ought to be well-written and properly structured for the researcher to understand the scope and essence of the proposed research.
In terms of structure, it is vital for an introduction to commence with a hook. In this context, a hook is a writing element and style used to grab and maintain the reader’s attention. It can be accomplished by using a quote, anecdote or statistical data related to the proposed topic.
Thus, the hook should be related to the proposed topic and set the tone for the rest of the paper or research. In addition to the hook, the introduction should contain background information about the research topic. It does not have to be extensive.
The literature review, the important research section, can carry out this responsibility effectively. Thus, the essence of providing concise background information in the introductory section is to prepare the way for the literature review.
The introduction should also consist of the research questions, aims and objectives. These various components should be detailed and concise simultaneously, giving the readers a grasp of the proposed research. Finally, this section also consists of the significance and, in some cases, the limitations of the proposed study.
In this aspect, the significance is centred on explaining to the readers why the research is important and the major contributions or significance it will make in its proposed field. The limitations, on the other hand, are centred on providing the core factors that may restrict the proposed research’s scope.
The Literature Review in a Research.
A literature review is essential to any form of research or research paper. This is because it is an in-depth and systematic summary of the existing literature on a specific research topic. In addition to this proposed definition, it can be deemed as important because;
- It informs the reader about the current knowledge of the proposed subject matter.
- It highlights and identifies the gaps in the existing research on the proposed subject matter and how it can be filled with the aid of the current study.
- It enables the researcher to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the existing research.
- It helps researchers to effectively communicate, with proof, the importance, significance and contribution of their study to the proposed field or academia as a whole.
The literature review in research ought to consist of extensive information on the background and summary of the existing literature of the research study. This section should be organized into themes or categories, focusing on the important studies conducted for the subject matter in the proposed field. The length of the literature review may vary, depending on the state or extent of the research.
Regardless of length, the literature review should critically evaluate the studies and provide the proposed research’s strengths, weaknesses, contradictions and inconsistencies. By doing this, the researcher can easily identify the gaps in the proposed field and how the intended research will fill up these gaps.
In other words, the literature review should summarise the existing research gaps and how the current study intends to fill them. This section should include the research questions and objectives and how the current study intends to help the field.
Additionally, the literature review should be concluded by summarising all stated in the body of the proposed review. It should be well-written and well-structured to ensure that the reader understands all the information provided in the review at a glance.
The Conclusion of the Research.
As its name entails, the conclusion of the research summarizes the key findings in a proposed research or study. It is crucial to all forms of research because it provides a final statement on the research questions, aims or objectives. In addition to this, it is considered to be important in research because;
- It allows researchers to make future recommendations for the proposed research.
- These recommendations serve as a guide for future studies and findings.
- Researchers can effectively communicate the importance and contributions of their study to their readers.
- It allows researchers to make a final statement about the research findings and their contribution to the proposed field.
A typical conclusion should consist of a summary of the main findings of the research, a discussion of the implications of these findings and recommendations for future research. In this context, the summary of the main findings should include a clear and concise overview of the study’s findings.
Similarly, the research questions, aims, or objectives should be restated in this section. To ensure proper understanding from the readers, the summary should be well-structured, concise and easy to understand. Additionally, the implications of the provided findings should include the significance and importance of these significances in the proposed research field.
In other words, the researcher ought to discuss the broader implications of these findings and how they can add to the current body of knowledge on the research topic. The evidence from the study and literature review should be well supported in this conclusion section. Finally, the conclusion ought to consist of recommendations for future research.
This section should include the gaps in the literature which were not addressed and suggest directions for future research. The recommendations should be based on the limitations of the proposed study.
Important tips to note when writing the three major sections of research.
To create well-written and structured research, it is vital to take note of the following tips:
- Commence with a strong opening which grabs and maintains the reader’s attention.
- State the research questions, aims and objectives clearly and concisely.
- Provide a synopsis of the research topic and state its significance.
- Explain how the study will contribute to the proposed field and state the scope of the research.
- Finish with a clear and concise thesis statement summarising the paper’s main arguments.
- Organize the literature review by themes, categories or subheadings to make it easier for the reader to follow.
- Use credible sources that are pertinent to the research question or goal.
- Evaluate the existing literature critically to identify its gaps.
- Use direct quotes sparingly and ensure that all sources are cited properly.
- Summarize the study’s key findings and explain how they relate to the research question or objective.
- Summarize the study’s main findings concisely and clearly.
- Discuss the findings’ implications and their significance in the context of the larger research field.
- To support the discussion of the implications, use evidence from the study and the literature review.
- Make recommendations for future research based on the study’s limitations and the larger research field.
- Finish with a strong concluding statement that reinforces the paper’s main argument and leaves the reader with a lasting impression.