- October 30, 2023
- Posted by: Igbaji Chinwendu
- Category: Project Writing Guide
Writing Project Discussion: Tips for Writing a Coherent and Cohesive Project Discussion
- 1 Writing Project Discussion: Tips for Writing a Coherent and Cohesive Project Discussion
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 What to include in the Discussion section
- 1.3 Tips for Writing a Coherent and Cohesive Project Discussion
Coherent writing is assembling a cohesive whole. If all of the ideas and findings in the project work are rationally connected and laid out, your writing is coherent. Cohesive results from coherence. A research work can flow smoothly from the first to the final sentence because all information is succinctly stated, and all connections are made. Coherence is connected to consistency and cohesion. Coherence refers to the concepts conveyed, whereas cohesion refers to textual components.
Based on educational research, readers find it simpler to recall the content of texts that are more coherent than those that are less clear. Therefore, a discussion section of a project that is coherent will help the reader get the point through more effectively than one that includes certain inconsistencies in it. It follows that it is not strange that project supervisors strive for coherence. Coherence problems are obvious and frequently highlighted when spotted in a project work.
An academic project report that presents and interprets the findings of a research study is known as the project discussion section. It usually comes after the methods and results sections and gives the author a chance to talk on the implications of their research, connect it to previous works, and suggest new lines of inquiry. The project discussion should be orderly, clear, and cohesive and show the author’s capacity for critical analysis and knowledge synthesis.
The discussion educates readers on the study’s broader implications in light of the findings. The discussion section’s primary function is to conclude what your study’s findings signify, regardless of the journal you are submitting to. Consequently, a strong discussion section places your findings in perspective. It must contain:
- The outcomes of your study,
- A review of previous studies, and
- A contrast between your findings and your working hypothesis.
When composing the discussion section of your project, there are a few frequent errors to steer clear of, including:
- Don’t present fresh results: You should only discuss the information already included in your results section.
- Don’t exaggerate your claims: Avoid over-interpreting your data and speculating in ways that aren’t supported by it.
- Keep your research solid: Instead of highlighting flaws or failures, explaining constraints should strive to increase your trustworthiness.
What to include in the Discussion section
Considering that the purpose of the Discussion section is to use the information gathered during the study to address the issues highlighted in the project Introduction. The content to be added in the project discussions section should comprise the following information:
- It should remind the reader of the benefits of the research endeavour.
- Should describe the nature of the knowledge gap the study’s findings were intended to fill.
- We should not say the Introduction of the work again; instead, we should concentrate on why the gap identified required filling in the first place and why this specific study was required.
- It should emphasize how the research will broaden the body of knowledge and encourage others to conduct further research.
- It should tell exactly the knowledge that was lacking before in which the work addressed.
- Explain how the research findings support the questions raised in the introductory section.
- Should carefully take into account all findings that are pertinent to the issues the result indicated.
- Should concentrate on the importance of the most notable results.
- Should consider the benefits of each conclusion in case the results obtained allow for contradictory ones.
- It should tell whether the findings concur with the existing body of knowledge.
- Compare and contrast findings with what is known and expected at the time.
- It should recall effective persuasive argument techniques, which include outlining your arguments’ advantages and exposing the drawbacks of opposing viewpoints.
Tips for Writing a Coherent and Cohesive Project Discussion
To successfully communicate ideas, facts, and conclusions to your audience, you must write a coherent and comprehensive project discussion. These guidelines will assist you in writing a concise and well-organized discussion section for any assignment, including research projects, business proposals, and any other types of writing:
1. Clearly state the purpose from the outset
Writing a clear purpose statement of the project’s objective at the outset of a discussion will help to keep things organized, coherent, and cohesive. The major goal of the study and the outcomes that the discussion is trying to reach should be explicitly stated in the purpose statement. For writing a clear purpose, the writing:
- It must be succinct by briefly outlining the study’s principal goal without delving into too much detail.
- It should be precise by outlining the focus of the study and the purpose of the conversation.
- It must be pertinent by articulating the significance of the study and the purpose of the conversation in plain terms.
2. Interpreting the Findings
Describe the key conclusions from your project. Highlight the significant findings pertinent to your research question or the objectives of your project. Don’t go into too much detail on less significant discoveries. Interpret the importance of your results. Describe the implications of the results in light of your research. Do more than merely report data; examine it. Also, find out what the discovery indicates.
Even while it seems obvious to the researcher, simply reading the Results section’s statistics won’t always make it clear to readers how crucial the findings are to addressing the research questions. Depending on the kind of research being done, different interpretations have different structures. Here are a few typical methods for evaluating data:
- Describe how the findings support or refute your study idea.
- Present further justifications and support your claim.
- Uncover connections and correlations in the results.
- Put the results in the context of previous similar research investigations.
- Examine unexpected outcomes and their implications for your study or broader research.
3. Examine the effects
Show how your findings fit into the larger body of scholarly literature reviewed in the literature review section, in addition to offering your personal opinions. Therefore, the discussion should demonstrate the relationship between your findings and the body of existing knowledge, any novel insights they offer, and any implications for theory or practice. The results of the study are discussed in this section.
Indicate how and where these findings fit into the body of knowledge, the new insights they provide, and any implications that could be had for the research topic at hand and the larger field of science. The reader should be made aware of the precise contribution that your research has made and why they should care.
While doing that, think about the following:
- Do your findings confirm or refute preexisting theories?
- What fresh knowledge do they add if they confirm preexisting theories?
- Why, in your opinion, do you think that they contradict accepted theories?
- Are there any real-world repercussions?
4. Recognize your limitation
Even the most thorough research has certain flaws. It’s crucial to acknowledge these to establish your trustworthiness. Limitations aim to depict what can accurately and cannot be inferred from your study rather than simply listing your mistakes.
From the general research design, particular methodological decisions, or unexpected challenges that surfaced throughout the research process, Limitations might result. Restate why the data used are still reliable for addressing the research topic after pointing out the limitations. A few typical limitation scenarios can be in this form as listed below:
- If you encounter issues when collecting or processing the data, describe how they affected the outcomes.
- Recognize the impact these might have had if there were complicating issues that you could not control.
- inadequate sample size for statistical analysis
- Lack of prior research on the subject Tools, apparatus, and data collection procedures
- Data access restrictions
- Time limitations in adequately planning and carrying out the study
5. Making Suggestions For Additional Research
These suggestions may include specific modifications to the study that should be made or additional research that should be done to better define the research questions, depending on how you interpreted and discussed the results. Although this is frequently only the last sentence in the Discussion part, recommendations are frequently listed in a separate Conclusion section.
The constraints listed are frequently the starting point for suggestions for additional research. Give specific examples of how future research can help address issues that your research was unable to address rather than merely saying that “additional research should be undertaken.”