- October 30, 2023
- Posted by: Igbaji Chinwendu
- Category: Project Writing Guide
Abstract Writing: 6 Components of an Impressive Abstract for research projects in Nigeria
- 1 Abstract Writing: 6 Components of an Impressive Abstract for research projects in Nigeria
A concise description of your research report is called an abstract. An abstract is a one- to two-paragraph summary of a scientific paper’s project that gives a clear overview of the study’s objectives. Brief overviews of studies, or abstracts, serve as the complete paper’s summary. Researchers summarize their work in abstracts and leave unnecessary information for the reader to grasp the research.
Use it to give the reader a preview of what you will discuss. Your abstract should not describe the paper but rather a concise summary of your findings. In addition to being utilized for research, abstracts can be found in books, papers, articles, dissertations, and grant proposals. Abstracts offer a sneak peek of scholarly works like articles, research proposals, or conference presentations.
Readers will typically first encounter abstracts in articles, informing readers of what to anticipate in the work. Furthermore, readers may better comprehend the subject of an article and whether the content is pertinent to their studies with the aid of an engaging and succinct abstract. Additionally important for indexing in online databases is an abstract.
Readers can choose to read the entire work by deciding if to read the abstract, which is a succinct overview of an extensive piece like a dissertation or study. The typical length of an abstract is 150–500 words- this depends on the rules guiding your department. An abstract is supposed to be generated after the whole manuscript.
A problem statement, the goal of the research, the approaches taken to locate the answer, the outcomes, and the consequences of the findings should all be included in an abstract. The abstract contains common words across the entire paper and is usually original content rather than a passage from an entire manuscript. Abstracts are helpful because they enable readers to decide quickly if an article corresponds to what one is searching for or if it captures their curiosity.
Important Components of an Impressive Research Project Abstract
The following key components have to be included while writing an abstract:
1. Title/ Introduction
Introducing the study topic to your reader is the goal of the introduction. Your audience must be informed about the investigation’s intent in the introduction. It provides the audience with some information, usually with a brief mention of prior study in the field, and then sums up in a few sentences what you plan to investigate. Be sure to state your precise objectives or justifications for doing the study.
Include background information on the subject to provide your study context and a quick rundown of what is already known about it. The introduction answers this question: Why did you choose this project above others? What was the issue or problem that needed to be resolved?
2. Study Background/Significance
This part gives the audience the background so they can understand how the concept fits alongside other projects of this kind. A summary of your motivation for conducting the research is beneficial. The primary goal of the study must be stated. If it’s a hypothesis, say whether the research proved or disproved it.
The audience will gain an understanding of the relevance of your study for both you and other parties from the research significance. Introduce the subject or issue you want to discuss in the first few sentences in the abstract. Give the audience adequate background information to grasp the importance of your research. This can involve outlining what is missing in the body of literature, a statement of the problem, or the larger field of study.
3. Research Question or Objective
This aspect is crucial since it communicates the main theme and goal of the research. Commence by stating the study’s question or objective understandably and briefly. The goal of your research must be clearly stated in the above sentence, and it should be explicit. Ask a simple inquiry.
Recall that an abstract is a succinct summary; as such, don’t go into too much detail at this point; instead, concentrate on the main research topic or purpose. Explain the significance of the objectives and the knowledge gap it fills. Make sure that this objective is in line with the study’s main objectives, as stated in the abstract. When drafting the objectives, use simple, unambiguous language.
In this section, one should describe the study’s methodology. While describing it, incorporate details like the number of variables and their distinctive features, the method used to collect the data, and any other details that will assist the audience in comprehending how the research was conducted and its operations. The preparation and execution of the study experiment are described in this section.
Is it a survey, an experiment, or an observational study? Controls, etc., were they used? The methods utilized to gather the data and the analysis process should be fully described in this section. When possible, use graphs, tables, and reliable statistical tests.
What were the investigation’s findings? What did you discover? A logical order could be used to display the findings to the audience. Summarize the study’s main findings or results by highlighting the most important ones. The information can be divided into parts or figures as needed.
To make the results of the research simpler for the audience to grasp, one can also provide images in addition to statistics. All you found deserves to be revealed to the audience under the Results. To make it simple for the audience to get along, it helps to keep the same structure from the abstract into the body of the work. Additionally, this is where you can discuss the study’s limits or potential implications.
This final part presents the conclusions as well as provides the answers to the questions one asked at the inception of the study. In what way do the findings respond to the question asked, or in which way do they connect to the earlier studies? The research findings should be summed up in the conclusion, along with clearly describing the conclusions and implications. You might also need to talk about the weaknesses and advantages of the research.
The most crucial takeaway from the study should be presented in a few concise phrases in this section. The finding highlighted here is typically related to the main outcome measure, but it is also crucial to include any other significant or unexpected discoveries. The theoretical or practical implications of authors’ discoveries should be discussed in their writings.
Even though it must be brief, this section affects readers the most since they tend to believe authors and accept their claims at face value. Because of this, authors must be meticulously honest in their conclusions and refrain from making assertions that go beyond what the evidence supports.
Therefore, the findings might include three components, including:
- The main lesson to be learned
- The important additional discoveries
- The viewpoint